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A number of vehicles are almost self-balancing unicycles:
The Segway is a vehicle which is capable of automatically balancing itself in the forwards-and-backwards direction, but is a dicycle with two parallel wheels rather than being capable of balancing from side to side.
In 2006, Carnegie Mellon developed a 2-dimensional inverted pendulum that balances on a ball rather than a wheel.
The Uno, a vehicle that superficially resembles a self-balancing unicycle but is actually a dicycle with its two wheels very close together
The Honda U3-X looks like a self-balancing unicycle, but balances on a powered Omni wheel rather than on a single wheel
Fictional self-balancing unicycles
Fenton Crackshell, a Disney character, is depicted wearing a robotic unicycle suit.
Demolishor, a Decepticon from the Transformers sequel, whose robot mode is a gigantic robotic unicycle.
the "tumblebugs" in The Roads Must Roll
the protagonist in the Flash browser game, Little Wheel
The Segway PT is a two-wheeled, self-balancing, battery-powered electric vehicle invented by Dean Kamen. It is produced by Segway Inc. of New Hampshire, USA. The name Segway is a homophone of the word segue, meaning smooth transition. PT is an abbreviation for personal transporter.
Computers and motors in the base of the device keep the Segway PT upright when powered on with balancing enabled. A user commands the Segway to go forward by shifting their weight forward on the platform, and backward by shifting their weight backward. The Segway detects, as it balances, the change in its center of mass, and first establishes and then maintains a corresponding speed, forward or backward. Gyroscopic sensors and fluid-based leveling sensors detect the weight shift. To turn, the user presses the handlebar to the left or the right. Segway PTs are driven by electric motors and can reach a speed of 12.5 miles per hour (20.1 km/h). The company has challenged bans and sought exemption from sidewalk restrictions in over 30 states. The Segway PT has been banned from use on sidewalks and in public transportation in a few municipalities, often because it is not classified as a medical device. Advocacy groups for pedestrians and the blind in the US have been critical of Segway PT use: America Walks and the American Council of the Blind oppose allowing people, even those with disabilities, to drive the Segway PT on sidewalks and have actively lobbied against any such legislation. Today, Segways are allowed on sidewalks in most states, though local municipalities may forbid them. Many states also allow them on bicycle lanes or on roads with speed limits of up to 25 mph.
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